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THE MISSING

A Partial Chronology of Rejected Film Scores

By Scott Bettencourt

A few rejected film scores have received a wide amount of attention despite being unheard for years, especially Herrmann's Torn Curtain and North's 2001. But there are countless others that, for the moment, are lost to obscurity. Here is as comprehensive a list of rejected scores as I've been able to assemble.(Films marked with an asterix managed to win a Best Score nomination for the replacement composer)


1944

*SINCE YOU WENT AWAY - Alexandre Tansman


1945

CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA - Arthur Bliss


1948

THE NAKED CITY - George Bassman


1953

CREST OF THE WAVE - Hans May


1955

THE DESPERATE HOURS - Gail Kubik


1956

HELL ON FRISCO BAY - David Buttolph


1966

THE BIBLE - Ennio Morricone
Morricone reputedly later reworked his music into his score for Secret of the Sahara.

TORN CURTAIN - Bernard Herrmann
Herrmann reworked some of his rejected score into Battle of Neretva -- itself a rescore of a foreign film -- and Elmer Bernstein also used some of it in his adaptation score for the remake of Cape Fear. The Torn Curtain score has been rerecorded twice -- once by Elmer Bernstein in the 70s for an lp, and once by Joel McNeely for a Varese Sarabande CD [48:13]. The supplement to the recent Torn Curtain DVD features sequences with Herrmann's score tracked back in -- but reportedly, the synch isn't perfect.


1967

THE WAY WEST - Franz Waxman


1968

2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY - Alex North
North reworked his 2001 music into Shanks and Dragonslayer. Jerry Goldsmith conducted a rerecording of the complete score [35:37] for a Varese Sarabande CD, but a labeling mixup caused him to also rerecord North's theme for the TV documentary Africa, included on the 2001 disc as intermission music


1969

THE APPOINTMENT - John Barry

THE ONLY GAME IN TOWN - Johnny Mandel

*THE REIVERS - Lalo Schifrin


1970

BATTLE OF BRITAIN - William Walton
At Laurence Olivier's insistence, Walton's "Battle in the Air" cue was retained in the final film. The Ryko soundtrack CD includes Walton's complete score [25:45] as well as Ron Goodwin's replacement score


1971

THE G0-BETWEEN - Richard Rodney Bennett

SEE NO EVIL - Andre Previn

SEE NO EVIL - David Whitaker
This is one of the strangest rejected score stories. At the time, Previn was married to the film's star, Mia Farrow. After his score was rejected, Whitaker's replacement score was also thrown out, and the final score was by Elmer Bernstein


1972

FRENZY - Henry Mancini
Mancini rerecorded his main title theme [2:15] for his CD Mancini in Surround.

THE GETAWAY - Jerry Fielding
The limited release CD Jerry Fielding Film Music Vol. 3 featured a 17:39 suite from Fielding's score


1973

THE EXORCIST - Lalo Schifrin
The 14:14 which Schifrin recorded of his score was included on a CD packaged with a recent video release of the film

THE MAN WHO LOVED CAT DANCING - Michel Legrand
The 28:19 Legrand recorded for the film was included on FSM's recent CD of John Williams replacement score.


1974

*CHINATOWN - Philip Lambro
Music from Lambro's score is supposedly included in the film's trailer, seen on the DVD.

S*P*Y*S - John Scott
This one is especially inexplicable, as Goldsmith's replacement score is probably the worst score he ever wrote.


1976

ROBIN AND MARIAN - Michel Legrand


1978

CASEY'S SHADOW - Elmer Bernstein


1979

APOCALYPSE NOW - David Shire


1981

NEIGHBORS - Tom Scott
Similarly to Goldsmith's S*P*Y*S, Bill Conti's replacement score is the worst he ever wrote.

WOLFEN - Craig Safan
Safan released his score [58:31] on a composer promo through Intrada.


1982

FIVE DAYS ONE SUMMER - Carl Davis

TWO OF A KIND - Bill Conti


1983

SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMES - Georges Delerue
Delerue recorded an 11:48 suite of his score on his Varese CD The London Sessions Volume Three. Author Ray Bradbury raved about James Horner's replacement score, said it was one of the things he loved most about the film.


1984

ORDEAL BY INNOCENCE - Pino Donaggio
Donaggio released 17:36 of his score on a CD with his music for Going Bananas and Déjà Vu. Dave Brubeck's replacement score was one of the most jarringly inappropriate scores in film music history.

SLAPSTICK OF ANOTHER KIND - Michel Legrand
The Varese soundtrack lp included Legrand's music on one side and Morton Stevens' replacement score on the other.

STREETS OF FIRE - James Horner


1985

THE JOURNEY OF NATTY GANN - Elmer Bernstein
Bernstein's music for Natty Gann was featured in the film's trailer, and later in the trailer for Benji the Hunted.


1986

THE CLAN OF THE CAVE BEAR - John Scott

THE GOLDEN CHILD - John Barry
A few Barry cues were retained in the final film, and 7:06 of his music was included on the soundtrack CD, including a Nancy Wilson song, "The Greatest Man in the World."

LEGEND- Jerry Goldsmith
70:54 of the score was released on a Silva CD, to be reissued shortly. The Goldsmith score was included in foreign prints, and will be heard again on the upcoming "Director's Cut" DVD.

TOUCH AND GO - Georges Delerue


1987

A PRAYER FOR THE DYING - John Scott
Scott included 36:53 of his score on a CD from his own label, paired with the score to Winter People.

WHITE WATER SUMMER - John Scott


1988

ALIEN NATION - Jerry Goldsmith
Goldsmith reportedly reused one his themes for his score to The Russia House.

THE BIG BLUE - Eric Serra
Bill Conti's replacement score was only heard in the U.S., and was never released on CD. Serra's score was released on CD throughout the world, and later in a two-disc set [86:29].

COCKTAIL - Maurice Jarre

DEAD BANG - Michael Kamen
Some of Kamen's score was included in the final film, and he received an "Additional Music" credit.

A NIGHT IN THE LIFE OF JIMMY REARDON - Elmer Bernstein

STARS AND BARS - Elmer Bernstein
Bernstein's score [40:51] was released on a Varese CD Club disc.

YOUNG GUNS - James Horner


1990

MOBSTERS - Stewart Copeland
Copeland included 3:23 of his score on his promo CD, From Rumble Fish to Gridlock'd.


1991

THE PEOPLE UNDER THE STAIRS - Graeme Revell
28:55 of Revell's score was included on the Bay Cities soundtrack CD, along with Don Peake's replacement score.

*THE PRINCE OF TIDES - John Barry
Barry turned his main theme into the piece "Moviola," and included it on the album of the same name. Later he used it in his score to Across the Sea of Time.

REGARDING HENRY - Georges Delerue
Replacement composer Hans Zimmer said he wanted the soundtrack album to include both his score and Delerue's. Not surprisingly, this didn't happen.

SHATTERED - Angelo Badalamenti

WHITE FANG - Hans Zimmer
Zimmer's score was actually written to replace Basil Poledouris' score, but the studio ended up choosing between them cue by cue, and including the majority of Poledouris' work.


1992

THE BODYGUARD - John Barry

GLADIATOR - Jerry Goldsmith

HONEYMOON IN VEGAS - Marc Shaiman

JENNIFER EIGHT - Maurice Jarre

K2 - Hans Zimmer
Varese released Zimmer's score [41:24] on a "Music Inspired by the Film" CD.

THE PUBLIC EYE - Jerry Goldsmith

*A RIVER RUNS THROUGH IT - Elmer Bernstein

YEAR OF THE COMET - John Barry
The trailer for the film included some of Barry's unmistakable music. Supposedly at the Barry scoring session, the film's director, Peter Yates, was heard to remark 'This is the worst film I've ever made."


1993

HOMEWARD BOUND: THE INCREDIBLE JOURNEY - David Shire


1994

I LOVE TROUBLE - Elmer Bernstein
Bernstein is rumored to have told director Charles Shyer, "I'm too old and too rich to give a s--t." However, this is a variation of a story told about William Goldman and Chevy Chase about the writing of Memoirs of an Invisible Man, so it may be apocryphal.

*INTERVIEW WITH THE VAMPIRE - George Fenton

LITTLE BIG LEAGUE - Hummie Mann

THE RIVER WILD - Maurice Jarre


1995

ASSASSINS - Michael Kamen

THE INDIAN IN THE CUPBOARD - Miles Goodman

THE PEREZ FAMILY - Zbigniew Preisner

THE SCARLET LETTER - Elmer Bernstein
Bernstein is rumored to have written star Demi Moore a letter, thanking her for throwing out his score so he could reuse the music on a better film.


1996

LAST MAN STANDING - Elmer Bernstein
Varese released 32:37 of Bernstein's music on a "Music Inspired By" CD.

MARVIN'S ROOM - Thomas Newman

MISSION: IMPOSSIBLE - Alan Silvestri

RANSOM - Howard Shore

2 DAYS IN THE VALLEY - Jerry Goldsmith
Goldsmith reused a theme from the score as "Willa's Theme" in Fierce Creatures. The flim's director previously threw out Conti's Two of a Kind score, and later had 15 Minutes half-rescored.

WHITE SQUALL - Maurice Jarre
Jarre sued director Ridley Scott over the replacement of his score, claiming that Scott refused to pay him his full fee.


1997

AIR FORCE ONE - Randy Newman

KISS THE GIRLS - Carter Burwell

MOUSE HUNT - Bruce Fowler

ROSEWOOD - Wynton Marsalis
Marsalis later included 60:03 of his score on a CD called Reeltime.

THE SIXTH MAN - Randy Edelman

THE WINGS OF THE DOVE - Gabriel Yared


1998

DANGEROUS BEAUTY - Rachel Portman

GOODBYE, LOVER - John Barry

THE HORSE WHISPERER - John Barry
Barry is rumored to have resused some of his Horse Whisperer material on his album The Beyondness of Things.

LES MISERABLES - Gabriel Yared

PRACTICAL MAGIC - Michael Nyman
The first pressings of the Practical Magic CD included two Nyman cues, totalling 11:44. Later pressings featured two cues from the Alan Silvestri replacement score instead. Nyman also included one of the cues on his recent "The Very Best of Michael Nyman" CD.

STEPMOM - Patrick Doyle
Doyle was recovering from leukemia when he scored this film about a woman dying of cancer and they still threw out his music, claiming he wasn't available to make changes. Isn't that what music editors are for?

WHAT DREAMS MAY COME - Ennio Morricone


1999

B. MONKEY - Luis Bacalov

THE 13TH WARRIOR - Graeme Revell


2000

ALL THE PRETTY HORSES - Daniel Lanois
6:14 of Lanois' music is included on the soundtrack CD.


2001

RAT RACE - Elmer Bernstein

SCARY MOVIE 2 - George S. Clinton
Clinton's replacement composer(s) went uncredited in the final film, but were rumored to have included Marco Beltrami and John Debney.


If readers can offer any corrections or information on additional rejected scores -- for example, either Michael Small or Jack Nitzsche allegedly wrote a score for The China Syndrome, which was released scoreless -- please let me know.

MailBag@filmscoremonthly.com


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