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 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 12:00 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

[edit]
The complete chronological list of Clavinet use in film can be found here. The link within the thread only works if you are logged out.
http://www.filmscoremonthly.com/board/posts.cfm?pageID=4&forumID=1&threadID=88030&archive=0
[edit]


The Hohner Clavinet was used in the 1970s to create super-funky grooves. It's basically a 60-key electronic keyboard with rubber-ended hammers that strike strings when a key is depressed. The unique thing is that the tail-end of the strings are wound in a bunch of thread, so that when you lift your finger from the depressed key, the string stops vibrating (viz., goes silent).

The most famous song that uses a Clavinet is Stevie Wonder's Superstition. Stevie used the Clavinet throughout his classic period from 1972-1978, and mostly with a couple of different tracks at the same time. Some other popular songs include: Fleetwood Mac's You Make Loving Fun (Christine McVie plays the Clavinet), and Pink Floyd's Shine On You Crazy Diamond Part 2. One of the earliest uses was on The Band's Up on Cripple Creek - and this was used almost like a jaw harp to create that twang so often associated with the south. The predominant models were the C and the D6. They are tremendous fun when used with a guitar amp, and other effects, like a phaser pedal or a crybaby wah-wah pedal.


I figured this would be about as useful as anything else, so here is the beginning of a listing for all Clavinet uses in film:
1 Bill Conti Uncle Joe Shannon 1978 -- Used during the "Uncle Joe (Theme from Uncle Joe Shannon)," which was re-recorded according to the notes. Maynard Ferguson plays this one.
2 Johnny Mandel The Seven-Ups (Unused score) 1973 -- At the end of the "Home to the Junkyard" cue.
3 Quincy Jones' "The Streetbeater," which is the theme to Sanford and Son. Probably around late 1971 this was written for the show's 1972 debut.


If you are aware of other suggestions, please post them.

And to those that see no merit in this thread, uh... funk you man!!! :-)

 
 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 12:28 PM   
 By:   MMM   (Member)

I think you'll get a much better response to this thread if you change the "v" in "Clavinet" to an "r."

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 1:19 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

I think you'll get a much better response to this thread if you change the "v" in "Clavinet" to an "r."

:-) I wasn't expecting much of a response anyway. But thanks for keeping me company MMM -- I'll buy the next round...

 
 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 1:23 PM   
 By:   Thor   (Member)

Love the clavinet sound myself! Frequently employed by some of my favourite artists, including Alan Parsons Project, Pink Floyd (as you say), Rick Wakeman, ELO, ELP and others.

What would "Superstition" be without it?

I also love the Wurlitzer, especially as used by my favourite band Supertramp. Here, the sound of the instrument is almost synonymous with the band sound.

 
 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 1:33 PM   
 By:   Pete Apruzzese   (Member)

Across 110th Street - track 2: "Harlem Clavinette"

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 1:39 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

That's bada$$ Pete. I forgot about that one. JJ Johnson 1972 I believe. There's probably a couple of cues on that ST that use it, as well as the Fender Rhodes.

Thor: Same with the Fender Rhodes and Fagen. All the groups you mention are represented fairly in my collection. :-) It's a "children of the 70s" thing.

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 2:36 PM   
 By:   Charles Thaxton   (Member)

what about DEATH WISH?

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 4:59 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

what about DEATH WISH?

For only the second time in my life, I have done the 40:24 Death Wish listening experience, and it is just that. I have most of HH's records; I'm not into this one. I like Flood; that's crazy Clavinet. He uses the D6 there. BTW, Death Wish was arranged and conducted by Jerry Peters. Recorded at Burbank Studios.

On Fill Your Hand, the last track on the DW ST:
Acoustic Piano Center-Right (HH)
Fender Rhodes Left (HH)
Fender Bass Center (Paul Jackson)
Sax Right (Maupin)

So, no Clavinet used on Death Wish. I thought this one for sure when I read your post, Charles, especially given HH's gear at the time. As I started to listen, I could hear some typical 70s wacka-wacka guitar, and that usually doesn't play well with the Clavinet, since it's guitar-like in some ways (e.g., the types of strings - they're not standard piano wire).

[edit]Also, no guitar player credit on the Death Wish ST, so if anyone knows...

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 5:24 PM   
 By:   Loren   (Member)

An other excellent blaxploitation clavinet score is Black Dynamite by Adrian Younge

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 6:30 PM   
 By:   Charles Thaxton   (Member)

maybe that guitar sound is a Clavinet thru a wah pedal or envelope filter.

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 6:58 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

maybe that guitar sound is a Clavinet thru a wah pedal or envelope filter.

Let me listen to that first track again to see, Charles...

BTW, no player credits on DW at all except for HH and Jerry.

Black Dynamite is a great one to mention. Thanks Loren.

I feel like Morricone has used it, but maybe in a horror or something. Hope someone knows that.

 
 Posted:   Apr 3, 2012 - 8:07 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

maybe that guitar sound is a Clavinet thru a wah pedal or envelope filter.

Let me listen to that first track again to see, Charles...


There's 2 different guitars on the main title: 1 in the R, and 1 in the L. The L guitar is a Gibson, and is using a wah-wah with a palm-muted attack at the start of the track -- the wacka-wacka. The "twangy" guitar is in the R at the start, and does some bends @ ~0:45; this also sounds like a Gibson. The R guitar also starts to do some wacka-wacka, and even some call-resp with the L @ ~1:12. There's other effects on the R (e.g., fuzz @ ~ 3:45). Really cool. Wonder who the player is? It's clearly the same guy with different takes. I betcha it's Blackbird Mcknight...

 
 
 Posted:   Apr 4, 2012 - 3:40 AM   
 By:   Mr. Shark   (Member)

Edit.

 
 Posted:   Apr 26, 2012 - 9:39 PM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

Henry Mancini uses a Clavinet on the score for the 1979 Blake Edwards movie "10," with Bo Derek & Dudley Moore.

As an example, since I do not have the WB release, when George Webber (Moore) knocks on Jenny's (Derek) door for the first time, a Fender Rhodes is playing, & a Clavinet without any effects at all. This is the scene when Jenny is just out of the shower, answers the door, gives George a tush-view, then gives the camera a boob-view via her bathroom mirror. The clean Clavinet only plays for a few bars, & then the Rhodes takes over. It is actually source music, as Jenny turns off a radio, & the music stops. Mancini is a master with source music.

It was not uncommon to see Dudley Moore at the Union Plaza Diner on Route 22 in NJ. I believe he lived in nearby Mountainside, NJ. Pleasant fellow for sure, and he plays & sings in "10" also.

 
 
 Posted:   Apr 29, 2012 - 12:35 AM   
 By:   JSWalsh   (Member)

Can't think of any scores, but "Jupiter Hollow" by The Band and "Right Place, Wrong Time" by Dr. John are songs that use the Clavinet, FYI.

 
 Posted:   Apr 29, 2012 - 8:10 AM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

Oh yeah, thanks JSW! The Band was probably one of the first groups to use a Clavinet (e.g., Cripple Creek). And Dr. John, bless his soul, will do anything to get the funk out to the listening public... Remember when he played the Super Bowl? Good guy - doesn't take himself, or the music, too seriously.

 
 
 Posted:   May 2, 2012 - 7:44 AM   
 By:   mikael488   (Member)

Italian film composer Franco Micalizzi used the Clavinet (and minimoog) a lot back in the
mid-to-late '70s.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=86SJ2p_tvUs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FrSgAo61LEY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bpmEhKmnpc
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MA3VuJ9TJ2Y&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSNgVDGIKvI&feature=relmfu

Another favorite of mine that features lots of clavinet (and other vintage keys/synths) is Fred Myrow and Malcom Seagrave's score to the horror flick Phantasm (1979).
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XAhepDViG68&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xxE5E9PETLA&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Obc6b9f0yzs&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=140mBFu0hYQ&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UACFuxwbIgw&feature=relmfu

As far as Morricone is concerned, he did use some type of electric or electronic piano in the late '60's and early '70 on scores such as "Il Clan dei Siciliani", "Queimada", "L'ultimo Uomo di Sara" etc. but I don't think it's a clavinet. Could be a Hohner pianet, Wurlitzer or even an Italian electric piano like the Davoli.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGuro69oIes
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=5UVZMFapzt4&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL291350B563DBB7B5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXVoOeBS0m0&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l9j8pwEfXNk&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtKY-TR8BjQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSIYxJlWFhE&feature=related

Morricone seems to have preferred electric/electronic and acoustic harpsichords and organs instead of electric pianos, however some of his scores from the late '70s and early '80s do feature the Rhodes. Unlike some other Italian film composers like Fabio Frizzi, Stelvio Cipriani and Goblin, I don't think he ever used the Mellotron in any of his scores.

Speaking of Goblin, I know that both Claudio Simonetti and Maurizio Guarini used the clavinet during the '70s so it's possible that some of their scores from that time feature the instrument.
I can't think of any at the moment though.

 
 Posted:   May 2, 2012 - 9:26 AM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

FSM Member Mikael is hereby declared the FunkMaster of the Month. Awesome post dude!

 
 
 Posted:   May 2, 2012 - 1:03 PM   
 By:   mikael488   (Member)

Thanks smile

 
 Posted:   May 6, 2012 - 10:47 AM   
 By:   lexedo   (Member)

Dave Grusin uses a Clavinet on the "Break Dance" cue from "The Pope of Greenwich Village." It's an interesting application bc he mixes it with his typical 80s keys, and this creates a unique vibe for sure. I don't remember the particular sequence from the film, so I'll have to review it when I can.

 
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